System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
محلول های شیمیایی | کیمیا تهران اسید
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---

009821-36303710

کیمیا تهران اسید
عکس مقاله

مواد شیمیایی صنعتی

شیمی آلی زیر مجموعه ای از دانش شیمی است که درباره ترکیبات کربن یا مواد آلی سخن می گوید، عنصر آصلی که با ترکیبات آلی را تشکیل می دهند، هیدروژن می باشد. در گذشته به موادی که ریشه گیاهی یا حیوانی داشتند، مواد آلی یا ارگانیک کی گفتند اما امروزه مواد آلی را می توان از طریق روش های صنعتی و آزمایشگاهی و به کمک مواد معدنی نیز سنتز کرد. در فرهنگ های فارسی معنای کلمه آلی منسوب به آلت و هر موجودی که دارای آلات (اعضا) مختلف باشد آماده است. همچنین ترکیبات آلیفاتیک نام شاخه ای از ترکیبات شیمی آلی است. موادی که از منابع آلی بدست می آیند، در یک ویژگی مشترک هستند و آن اشتراک در دارا بودن عنصر کربن است. دو منبع بزرگ مواد آلی که از آنها مواد آلی با ترکیبات ساده تامین می شوند، نفت و زغال سنگ هستند، این دو ماده فسیلی در مفهوم قدیمی آلی بوده و حاصل تجزیه جانوران و گیاهان هستند. این ترکیبات ساده به عنوان مصالح ساختمانی ، در ساختن ترکیبات بزرگتر و پیچیده تر مصرف می گردند. شیمی آلی، شیمی ترکیبات کربن با سایر عناصر به ویژه هیدروژن، اکسیژن، نیتروژن، هالوژن ها و غیر فلزات دیگر نظیر گوگرد و فسفر است. هم چنین فلزاتی مثل منیزیم، مس و پالادیم هم در برخی ترکیبات آلی حضور دارند. الکل ها، اترها، هیدروکربن ها، آلئیدها، کتون ها، کربوکسیلیک اسیدها، ترکیبات آلیفاتیک حلقوی، ترکیبات آروماتیک (مانند بنزن)، آمین ها، فنل ها، درشت مولکول ها و بسپارها(پلیمر) و نظیر آنها جزء مواد آلی بوده و مباحث شیمی آلی را به خود اختصاص می دهد. امروزه از مواد آلی در رنگ سازی، کاغذ و جوهرسازی، مواد غذایی، پوشاک، پتروشیمی، مواد پلاستیکی و لاستیکی، داروسازی، پزشکی و ده ها صنعت دیگر بهره می برند. افزون بر بیست میلیون ترکیب شناخته شده کربن وجود دارد و هر ساله نیم میلیون مولکول جدید به خانواده مواد آلیاضافه می شوند. شیمی آلی شالوده زیست شناسی و پزشکی است. ساختمان موجودات زنده به غیر از آب، عمدتا از مواد آلی ساخته شده اند، مولکول های مورد بحث در زیست شناسی مولکولی همان مولکول های آلی هستند. امروزه ما در عصر کربن زندگی می کنیم، هر روزه روزنامه ها و مجلات، ذهن ما را متوجه ترکیبات کربن نظیر کلسترول، چربی های اشباع نشده، هورمون ها، استروئیدها، حشره کش ها و فرومون ها می نماید. در دهه های گذشته به خاطر نفت، جنگ های متعددی راه افتاده است، همچنین دو فاجعه نازک شدن لایه اوزون که عمدتا به خاطر وجود کلروفلوئوروکربن ها می باشد و پدیده گازهای گلخانه ای که ناشی از حضور متان، کلروفلوئوروکربن ها و دی اکسید کربن است، زندگی انسان ها را به خطر انداخته است. اگر شیمی آلی به عنوان شیمی ترکیبات کربن، عمدتا آنهایی که شامل هیدروژن یا هالوژن ها به علاوه عناصر دیگر هستند، تعریف شود، شیمی معدنی را می توان به طور کلی به عنوان شیمی عناصر دیگر در نظر گرفت که شامل همه عناصر باقیمانده در جدول تناوبی و همین طور کربن، که نقش عمده ای در بیشتر ترکیبات معدنی دارد، می گردد.

شیمی آلی – فلزی، زمینه وسیعی که با سرعت زیاد رشد می کند، به علت اینکه ترکیبات شامل پیوند های مستقیم فلز – کربن را بررسی می کند دو شاخه را بهم مرتبط می سازد. همانطوری که می توان حدس زد، قلمرو شیمی معدنی با فراهم کردن زمینه های تحقیقی اساسا نا محدود، بسیار گسترده است.

مشاهده بیشتر

System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
محلول های شیمیایی | کیمیا تهران اسید
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
System.Exception: Error In Process 'dbsource' Command In Sequence 1: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.Exception: Error In Run 'dbsource' Command: System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52 ---> System.ArgumentException: An item with the same key has already been added.
at System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary`2.Insert(TKey key, TValue value, Boolean add)
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddMember(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 177
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlGroupElement.AddSource(DataTable source, Boolean addPreview, String sort, String sql, ExportTypes type) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlGroupElement.cs:line 165
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlCommandElement.AddSource(DataTable source, IHtmlTagElement member) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlCommandElement.cs:line 62
at HttpServer.Cms.SqlSourceCommand.LoadData() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Source\SqlSourceCommand.cs:line 133
at HttpServer.Cms.NonRenderableCommand.Render(IHtmlCommandElement htmlCommand) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Commands\Core\NonRenderableCommand.cs:line 29
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 52
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at HttpServer.Cms.CommandHost`1.Rendering() in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\CommandHost.cs:line 61
at HttpServer.Cms.HtmlElement.RenderingWrapper(Boolean async) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\HttpServer.Cms\Html\HtmlElement.cs:line 133
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---

009821-36303710

کیمیا تهران اسید
عکس مقاله

مواد شیمیایی صنعتی

شیمی آلی زیر مجموعه ای از دانش شیمی است که درباره ترکیبات کربن یا مواد آلی سخن می گوید، عنصر آصلی که با ترکیبات آلی را تشکیل می دهند، هیدروژن می باشد. در گذشته به موادی که ریشه گیاهی یا حیوانی داشتند، مواد آلی یا ارگانیک کی گفتند اما امروزه مواد آلی را می توان از طریق روش های صنعتی و آزمایشگاهی و به کمک مواد معدنی نیز سنتز کرد. در فرهنگ های فارسی معنای کلمه آلی منسوب به آلت و هر موجودی که دارای آلات (اعضا) مختلف باشد آماده است. همچنین ترکیبات آلیفاتیک نام شاخه ای از ترکیبات شیمی آلی است. موادی که از منابع آلی بدست می آیند، در یک ویژگی مشترک هستند و آن اشتراک در دارا بودن عنصر کربن است. دو منبع بزرگ مواد آلی که از آنها مواد آلی با ترکیبات ساده تامین می شوند، نفت و زغال سنگ هستند، این دو ماده فسیلی در مفهوم قدیمی آلی بوده و حاصل تجزیه جانوران و گیاهان هستند. این ترکیبات ساده به عنوان مصالح ساختمانی ، در ساختن ترکیبات بزرگتر و پیچیده تر مصرف می گردند. شیمی آلی، شیمی ترکیبات کربن با سایر عناصر به ویژه هیدروژن، اکسیژن، نیتروژن، هالوژن ها و غیر فلزات دیگر نظیر گوگرد و فسفر است. هم چنین فلزاتی مثل منیزیم، مس و پالادیم هم در برخی ترکیبات آلی حضور دارند. الکل ها، اترها، هیدروکربن ها، آلئیدها، کتون ها، کربوکسیلیک اسیدها، ترکیبات آلیفاتیک حلقوی، ترکیبات آروماتیک (مانند بنزن)، آمین ها، فنل ها، درشت مولکول ها و بسپارها(پلیمر) و نظیر آنها جزء مواد آلی بوده و مباحث شیمی آلی را به خود اختصاص می دهد. امروزه از مواد آلی در رنگ سازی، کاغذ و جوهرسازی، مواد غذایی، پوشاک، پتروشیمی، مواد پلاستیکی و لاستیکی، داروسازی، پزشکی و ده ها صنعت دیگر بهره می برند. افزون بر بیست میلیون ترکیب شناخته شده کربن وجود دارد و هر ساله نیم میلیون مولکول جدید به خانواده مواد آلیاضافه می شوند. شیمی آلی شالوده زیست شناسی و پزشکی است. ساختمان موجودات زنده به غیر از آب، عمدتا از مواد آلی ساخته شده اند، مولکول های مورد بحث در زیست شناسی مولکولی همان مولکول های آلی هستند. امروزه ما در عصر کربن زندگی می کنیم، هر روزه روزنامه ها و مجلات، ذهن ما را متوجه ترکیبات کربن نظیر کلسترول، چربی های اشباع نشده، هورمون ها، استروئیدها، حشره کش ها و فرومون ها می نماید. در دهه های گذشته به خاطر نفت، جنگ های متعددی راه افتاده است، همچنین دو فاجعه نازک شدن لایه اوزون که عمدتا به خاطر وجود کلروفلوئوروکربن ها می باشد و پدیده گازهای گلخانه ای که ناشی از حضور متان، کلروفلوئوروکربن ها و دی اکسید کربن است، زندگی انسان ها را به خطر انداخته است. اگر شیمی آلی به عنوان شیمی ترکیبات کربن، عمدتا آنهایی که شامل هیدروژن یا هالوژن ها به علاوه عناصر دیگر هستند، تعریف شود، شیمی معدنی را می توان به طور کلی به عنوان شیمی عناصر دیگر در نظر گرفت که شامل همه عناصر باقیمانده در جدول تناوبی و همین طور کربن، که نقش عمده ای در بیشتر ترکیبات معدنی دارد، می گردد.

شیمی آلی – فلزی، زمینه وسیعی که با سرعت زیاد رشد می کند، به علت اینکه ترکیبات شامل پیوند های مستقیم فلز – کربن را بررسی می کند دو شاخه را بهم مرتبط می سازد. همانطوری که می توان حدس زد، قلمرو شیمی معدنی با فراهم کردن زمینه های تحقیقی اساسا نا محدود، بسیار گسترده است.

مشاهده بیشتر

at MyWebServerNamespace.MyWebServer.LoadCmsValues(Content cms, Ssl sslClass, DataSet& Ds, DataTable& fileDt, Socket& mySocket, Byte[]& contentBytes, Boolean& showCmsError) in D:\iteration source - table 13 removed\MyWebServer\MyWebServer.cs:line 1638